Electric cars are becoming more common as eco-friendly mobility gains momentum. EVs offer several benefits such as reducing the carbon footprint. However, as with other types of vehicles, EV batteries also require regular maintenance to function properly. That said, we have compiled a list of electric car battery maintenance tips to help you in the matter.
These tips are important to maintain and boost EV performance. We have also included the factors that play a part in the degradation of EV batteries. Let’s go through them.
Factors That Cause EV Battery Degradation
EV battery degradation is a natural process that occurs over time and is influenced by several factors. Here are some of the key factors that affect the battery’s performance.
EVs are powered by lithium-ion batteries. Such power sources work well in moderate temperatures. That said, hot and cold weather affects electric cars to a great extent. High temperatures can accelerate the degradation of EV batteries.
Exposure to excessive heat leads to increased chemical reactions within the battery, resulting in a faster deterioration of the battery cells. Similarly, extremely cold temperatures can affect battery performance and reduce its overall capacity.
Charging habits greatly affect the battery life of an electric car. Frequent fast charging and rapid charging at high currents can generate more heat and put additional stress on the battery.
Besides, frequent deep discharges, significantly deplete the battery before recharging. It causes an increased strain on the battery and contributes to its degradation, hence reducing EV car battery life. Besides, you can also opt for bidirectional charging for your EV.
- AGE AND MILEAGE
Over time, regardless of usage patterns, EV batteries naturally degrade due to chemical and physical changes within the cells. As the battery ages and accumulates more mileage, its capacity and performance gradually decline.
Apart from the above-mentioned causes, other factors such as the manufacturing quality of batteries and environmental conditions also have a major impact.
EV Battery Maintenance Tips
Here are some EV battery maintenance tips that will boost your EV’s battery life. They are as follows:
Keep your electric car plugged in and charged whenever possible. Lithium-ion batteries are designed to be charged frequently. It is among the useful and efficient practices of ev battery charging. Avoid letting the battery discharge to very low levels as it can cause irreversible damage. Whether you opt for a charging station or charge your EV at home, ensure a healthy charging practice.
AVOID EXTREME TEMPERATURES
Extreme temperatures, both hot and cold, can affect the performance and lifespan of your electric car battery. Whenever possible, park your vehicle in a shaded area or a garage during hot weather and avoid exposing it to extreme cold for extended periods. Also, using the preconditioning features in cars helps mitigate temperature-related issues.
Some electric vehicles require periodic battery balancing to ensure that all cells are charged equally. Check your vehicle’s manual or consult the manufacturer to determine if balancing is necessary and how often it should be done. If this practice is neglected, it leads to different problems with electric car batteries such as electrical imbalance.
Among important electric car battery maintenance tips, optimal charging tops the list. It is best to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations when charging your electric car. Avoid using fast chargers excessively unless necessary. Also, rapid charging can generate more heat and put additional stress on the battery.
REDUCE PARASITIC LOADS
Minimize the use of features that draw power from the battery while the car is not in use. These include leaving lights, climate control, or other electrical devices on when the car is parked. By reducing parasitic loads, you can conserve battery power.
Proper tyre maintenance, including regular inflation and rotation, is essential for electric cars. Well-inflated EV tyres with the correct pressure contribute to efficient battery usage and extended range.
PLAN LONG TRIPS CAREFULLY
If you’re taking a long trip, plan your route to include charging stations along the way. It is essential to have an idea of charging infrastructure availability. Besides, plan breaks accordingly to avoid unnecessary strain on the battery.
If you plan to store your electric car for an extended period, follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for storage. Generally, it’s best to keep the battery level around 50% during storage and avoid extreme temperatures. Also, when preparing your car for long-term parking, be mindful of the parking shade and covers to protect it from the scorching heat.
All in all, these were the electric car battery maintenance tips. Following these will preserve the EV’s performance. We have also provided the reasons for EV battery degradation to avoid any battery problems. Therefore, if you are looking to buy a used car in the UAE in the EV segment, make sure you are aware of potential battery problems and how to overcome them.
Stay connected to dubizzle’s auto blog for more tips and tricks on car maintenance.